Hilton and Watts perspectives on pornographic activation of dopaminergic transmission in mesolimbic pathways of the nucleus accumbens, prefrontal cortex, and other brain regions associated with the pleasure reward system does not offer meaningful insights given the variety of activities that engage this system. Australian schools are not currently required to deliver online safety education. We wish to clarify what the research actually does suggest with several accompanying illustrations. The notion that cerebral atrophy assessed through imaging is assumed to be synonymous with brain damage and therefore evidence of an addictive process is a perspective fraught with problems. We are open to the notion that frontal impairment might make people vulnerable to a variety of over-indulgences, which can subsequently lead to substance dependence, maladaptive coping patterns, poor judgment, impulsivity or emotional disturbance, which people may seek to escape by turning to problematic behaviors, such as the case with many pathological gamblers.
During a recent online safety talk she gave, Ms McLean asked a group of teens what they would do if they received explicit images. Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders. Admittedly, some are prone to dismiss pornography use of any kind as a natural outgrowth of human sexuality; however, those who study and work with these extreme cases are well aware of the difficulties encountered by these individuals, including their sense of frustration about the inability to reduce or stop their problematic behaviors despite negative consequences. Even the authors of these studies refrain from drawing such inferences. Brain abnormalities in human obesity: Are we to conclude that such patterns of behavior constitute an addictive disorder, given their potential relationship to activating dopaminergic transmission in the mesolimbic pathways? Hilton DL, Watts C. The neural basis of drug craving: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3. We agree, and have published findings demonstrating, that such patterns of behavior have been associated with numerous negative consequences including attachment ruptures in romantic relationships, loss of employment, and psychological distress. Collectively, references to neuroimaging studies by Hilton and Watts are unsupportive of their assertion that excessive pornography consumption parallels other maladaptive behavioral patterns such as substance-related disorders or causes significant atrophy in the brain leading to behavioral dysfunction. Set up a private Minecraft server through the company, or a LAN game for your child, which enables only selected people in their local network on the same wi-fi account to play with them Research online games on commonsensemedia. Carpenter Find articles by Bruce N. This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. A final concern related to the perspectives of Hilton and Watts is the lack of clarity about what is meant by the term addiction. Hilton and Watts statement on this matter may be somewhat misleading to your readers. The observed differences may be related to preexisting dysfunction, either environmentally or genetically determined, or a result of the effects of chronic cocaine assault. Such assertions are speculative and unsupported by the studies cited by Hilton and Watts. Dear Sir, In their editorial on excessive pornography use, Hilton and Watts[ 3 ] offer some interesting neuroscience perspectives on their conceptualization of pornography problems as an addictive disorder. Furthermore, our research on psychological profiles of hypersexual men, including those with pornography problems, failed to find evidence of elevations on addiction indices, but instead found characteristics common in populations with obsessive tendencies. The tone and content of the Hilton and Watts article misleads readers to believe there is strong and convincing evidence based on neuroscientific research that excessive pornography problems constitute an addictive disorder causing brain abnormalities and cortical atrophy paralleling those found in substance abuse. You already have it. Preliminary investigation of the impulsive and neuroanatomical characteristics of compulsive sexual behavior. Aren't schools teaching online safety? Fong Find articles by Timothy W. Child accounts can be restricted to one browser, and a limited number of apps When good parents accidentally do bad things Many parents do not realise that online games often have a social media component, said Kellie Britnell, senior education advisor at the Office of the Children's eSafety Commissioner. Do not let children on any social media platform until they are 13 The age set by the companies themselves Tell teens on social media to, whenever possible, set their accounts to "private", turn off location services, and block users they do not know, who bully them, or who screenshot their posts Use your computer's inbuilt parental controls, like the setting that restricts explicit media.
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